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What is TPU Material?
2018-02-12

Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) is any of a class of polyurethane plastics with many properties, including elasticity, transparency, and resistance to oil, grease and abrasion. Technically, they are thermoplastic elastomers consisting of linear segmented block copolymers composed of hard and soft segments.


Chemistry

TPU is a block copolymer consisting of alternating sequences of hard and soft segments or domains formed by the reaction of diisocyanates with short-chain diols (so-called chain extenders) and diisocyanates with long-chain diols. By varying the ratio, structure and/or molecular weight of the reaction compounds, an enormous variety of different TPU can be produced. This allows urethane chemists to fine-tune the polymer's structure to the desired final properties of the material. For example, a greater ratio of hard to soft segments will result in a more rigid TPU, while the reverse is also true.


Morphology

The final resin consists of linear polymeric chains in block-structures. Such chains contain low polarity segments which are rather long (called soft segments), alternating with shorter, high polarity segments (called hard segments). Both types of segments are linked together by covalent links so that they actually form block-copolymers.

The polarity of the hard pieces creates a strong attraction between them, which causes a high degree of aggregation and order in this phase, forming [[crystal] a]line or pseudo crystalline areas located in a soft and flexible matrix. This so-called phase separation between both blocks can be more or less important, depending on the polarity and the molecular weight of the flexible chain, the production conditions, etc. The crystalline or pseudo crystalline areas act as physical cross-links, which account for the high elasticity level of TPU, whereas the flexible chains will impart the elongation characteristics to the polymer.

These "pseudo crosslinks", however, disappear under the effect of heat, and thus the classical extrusion, injection molding and calendaring processing methods are applicable to these materials. Consequently, TPU scrap can be reprocessed.

what is TPU material?

Uses

TPU has many applications including automotive instrument panels, caster wheels, power tools, sporting goods, medical devices, drive belts, footwear, inflatable rafts, and a variety of extruded film, sheet and profile applications.TPU is also a popular material found in outer cases of mobile electronic devices, such as mobile phones. It is also used to make keyboard protectors for laptops.

TPU is well known for its applications in performance films, wire and cable jacketing, hose and tube, in adhesive and textile coating applications and as an impact modifier of other polymers.

TPU is a common filament material for use in fused filament fabrication 3D printing due to the fact that it is an elastic thermoplastic which makes it ideal for printing objects that need to be flexible and elastic.[citation needed] The fact that TPU is a thermoplastic also allows it to be melted, extruded, then cooled back into a solid which is necessary when 3D printing using fused filament fabrication.


what is TPU material?


Overview of TPU on the market

Properties of commercially available TPU include:

     HIGH ABRASION RESISTANCE

     LOW-TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE

     HIGH SHEAR STRENGTH

     HIGH ELASTICITY

     TRANSPARENCY

     OIL AND GREASE RESISTANCE



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